কুরআনের ৫২তম সুরা, আয়াত সংখ্যা ৪৯ - শব্দে শব্দে পাঠ করছেন জনাব মোস্তফা ওয়াহিদুজ্জামান। যারা শব্দে শব্দে কুরআন আরবী ও বাংলায় অর্থসহ বুঝতে চান তাদের জন্য এই ভিডিওগুলো সহায়ক হবে বলে আশা করা যায়।
ইক্বরার লক্ষ্য হলো বর্তমান ও ভবিষ্যত প্রজন্মের জন্য স্রষ্টার ঐশী বাণীর সমন্বিত অধ্যয়ন ও সার্বজনীন প্রয়োগের জন্য জ্ঞানদীপ্ত অনুশীলন।
ইক্বরার উদ্দেশ্য হলো কুরআনের বাণীর উত্তরোত্তর সমৃদ্ধ অনুধাবনের জন্য টেকসই ভিত্তি প্রস্তুত করা এবং জীবন ও সমাজের প্রায়োগিকতার জন্য প্রয়োজনীয় জ্ঞানভিত্তিক ফ্রেমওয়ার্ক বা কাঠামো নির্মাণ।
1. Groups of Mujahideen (the forces) which stand ready for the defense of the Divine System;
2. And those entrusted with the state authority of the Divine System to restrain mischief mongers from violating the law;
3. And other momineen who follow the Quranic teachings.
4. The existence of all these is a living proof of the reality that command and control rests only with Allah, and none else. All human beings should therefore obey only Him.
5. It is the obedience of the God Whose laws of Rabubiyat are in force in the whole universe (70:40). His Rabubiyyat or sustenance is not only for nourishment and physical development, but it also provides guidance to all mankind, as all sources of human knowledge and that of Wahi emanate from it.
6. (As has been mentioned afore in verse 15:16-18) These people contend that their astrologers and priests can also tell them things similar to whatever the Rasool claims to be from Allah. However the reality of the stars is that they are nothing but planetary bodies in orbit in space, which look beautiful because of their brightness.
7. And We have kept them safe from every destructive element. (This is the reality of these stars, about which their priests claim that they make or mar human destiny. Therefore the priests use them to forecast the future and possible human thoughts. They claim that this is the same source of the Wahi of Rasool and the knowledge of the priests. This is wrong.)
8-9. Their priests and astrologers are just guessing. The highest divine echelons where standards and laws are laid and set for everything, cannot be reached by them. Human guesswork is repelled and pushed away from all sides. That stage is beyond the limits of human intellect and people who are involved in such superstitions can never progress in practical life. For them there is everlasting suffering and punishment. (15:18; 26:212; 67:5; 72:8-9.)
10. Of course, some of the things foretold by them do come true, but this is either just by chance or by sheer guesswork. Such things were accepted as spiritual attainment when people were living in the dark ages, devoid of the light imparted by knowledge. However after the revelation of Divine Guidance, there is no room for it. Each guess or soothsaying can be pursued until it is exposed by the flame of knowledge.
11. Ask the people who believe that human destiny is under the influence of the stars: As far as creation is concerned, are these inert bodies (which have no discretionary authority) capable of having more power than the human being, whom We have endowed with intellect and discretion? All these planets are only masses of particles which are attached together; whereas human life has progressed and passed through innumerable stages of development (32:7).
12. Whereas you are surprised (at their stupidity; that in spite of being superior human beings they consider themselves to be under the influence of stars and have faith in the superstitions of these soothsayers), they mock you. (So how can matters based on knowledge and wisdom benefit them?)
13. That is why when you present the Quran to them (which is all wisdom and knowledge), they do not take it seriously.
14. That is not all. They also select a verse and then call upon other people to join them in the mockery.
15. (And when you tell them to bear in mind that after this worldly existence there is another life which continues after death) they retort, “This is certainly a pack of lies.” And they say:
16-17. “How is it possible that we would be raised again after we die; and that our flesh and blood would be turned into dust and only the bones of the skeleton would remain? And not only us! Even our forefathers (who died centuries ago)? (36:78; 75:3)
18. Tell them that it will surely happen like this. (However, to see the results of your deeds you do not have to wait till the new life after death! The process of retribution starts right here in this life.) You will soon see how much you would be humiliated (by opposing the truth).
19. Only one single assault would be enough for this purpose. They will be shocked to see how it would put a stop to their rebellion.
20. And they will say, "At last our end has come. This is the very Day of Reckoning about which we were being warned.”
21. They will be told, "Yes this is the very Day you used to belie. On this day everything will be sorted out and settled!"
22. (In order to confront them now) Gather all those people who alongwith their supporters (and companions) used to indulge in oppression, as well as those who they considered and obeyed as their lords (leaving God aside).
23. And after collecting them, take them to the Jahannum of doom and destruction.
24. But detain them for a while, because they have to be questioned.
25. They will be asked, "(Earlier you used to talk a lot. What has happened now?) Why don't you help each other?"
26. They will not be able to answer; and their eyes and necks will be cast down in submission.
27. Instead, they will confront each other and ask questions.
28. The followers amongst them will say (to their leaders), "You who used to come to us with all strength and power, in order to stop us from the right path!"
29. They will reply, "This is wrong. You yourself were not keen to accept the truth.
30. “We had no control or power to keep you away from the right path. It was you who openly adopted a rebellious course. Now you are throwing all the blame on us.
31-32. “Our only fault was that when we saw you leaving the right path and going astray, we called you to join us as we ourselves were treading the wrong path (and we wanted as many people as possible to join us). Thus we led you astray.
“Now the Law of Mukafat has confronted all of us as a stark reality. We have to taste the chastisement (and there is no escape for you and for us)."
33. So on that Day, all the leaders and their followers will share a common suffering (14:21; 33:67; 34:32; 40:47).
34. Such treatment is not confined to these people only. Our Law of Mukafat always deals with all the guilty ones in the same way.
35. These are the guilty ones who would scoff in arrogance when they were told, "There is no authority except that of Allah, and obedience to anyone else is not permissible.”
36. They said, "Should we give up our deities and leaders just because a mad poet says so?" (This is also what the other people are saying.)
37. Although Our Rasool is neither a poet nor a mad person, he has brought a reliable code of life for you, which is based on absolute reality and truth. It will prove the truthfulness of all the messages brought by the earlier Rusul. It confirms their true teachings.
38. Tell them, "You are about to taste a very grievous chastisement.
39. “And this punishment has not come from anywhere outside. This is the natural consequence of your own deeds."
40. On the other hand, there are Our other devoted subjects who in order to lead their lives according to Divine Guidance, had separated themselves from them.
41. They will have all the comforts and pleasantries of life, which are well known and have so often been mentioned in the Quran.
42. All these shall be the delicious fruits of their hard labour. Such people will be highly dignified and honorable.
43-44. They shall be sitting on couches in the gardens of delight and felicity, facing each other without any discrimination.
45. In their sittings, cups containing chilled and pleasant drinks from unsullied flowing springs shall be passed around.
46. These drinks will be delicious and pure white like snow.
47. They will neither have side effects such as the dulling of the senses and intoxication; and nor will this lessen the deliciousness, taste or flavor (56:19).
48-49. Such a living shall not be restricted to men alone; women too would share it. Women with the most beautiful and modest eyes. In other words, beside having physical beauty they will be an embodiment of virtue and modesty. Such shall be the heavanly society, these people would constitute.
50. They will enjoy each others' conversations with full attention.
51-52-53. One of them would say, " I had a companion who used to ask me: Are you also one of those who believes in the truthfulness of the message that after we are dead and our bodies become mere dust and bones, just a skeleton, we will be raised to life again? Will this happen so that we are requited?"
54. The other would reply, "Just have a look on this side."
55. He would glance on that side and notice that the same person is in the midst of the blazing fire of Jahannum.
56. On seeing him there, he would exclaim, "By God! You had left no stone unturned to ruin me too!
57. “For had it not been for the grace of my Rabb and had I not taken to the right path I too would have been among those who are amidst the blazing fire.
58-59. “Thanks to Allah we do not have to die again. The death which was to come has already come and we will not be inflicted with any punishment.
60. This indeed is a great achievement for us; and we have found our cherished desires."
61. (O Rasool! Tell these people that) Every worker has to strive for such achievements and happiness.
62. Also ask them, "Which is better, the nourishment described above or the 'shajra-tuz-zaqqum', namely the wealth and goods obtained through oppression and cruelty and which later on become a terrible burden for man. (17:60; 44:44; 56:45.)
63. Always remember that any wealth collected by oppression and cruelty eventually becomes a chastisement for man.
64. It is like that wicked tree which can never bear fruit and which grows from the very root of Jahannum. (That is by eating it, all human abilities are ruined and further evolution and development are blocked.)
65. Its spathes are (repulsive) like the head of a deadly cobra (which is full of poison); and the heads of rebellious and dictatorial people (which are full of superiority and hatred for others).
66. One can eat from it to fill one’s belly (that is the physical needs of man are fulfilled; but the development of his personality stops ~ 37:68).
67. Furthermore, they will be given impure boiling water. (Instead of quenching the thirst, this hot water will enhance it. The water itself will not be pure as it will be mixed with all kinds of impurities of deceptive life.)
68. As a result of all their efforts (which are full of deceit and oppression), the further growth of their personality is stopped and they lead an awfully miserable life.
69. Such is the life of those who oppose the ways leading to truthfulness. Another unfortunate aspect of this dilemma is that they did not adopt this way of their own accord; they just followed their ancestors who had gone astray.
70. They are following the footsteps of their predecessors, with their eyes closed. (They do not stop to even think of where they are going.)
71. Their attitude is not something new as most of the earlier nations also went astray in the same way.
72. We had sent Our Messengers to them to warn them about the consequences of their erroneous ways.
73. Thus you can see for yourself the end result of those who were given due warning (but who chose not to pay any heed to it).
74. At the same time look at Allah's devoted and sincere subjects, who left such people and followed the right course. Their end was a very pleasant one.
75. For example, take the story of Noah who called unto Us against the oppressive and rebellious forces. The whole world saw how graciously We answered his call.
76. And We saved him and his companions from that terrible calamity (which drowned the rest of his nation).
77. All his opponents were destroyed; but only his followers survived.
78. And amongst the future generations, he was remembered graciously and with respect.
79. (Thus) in the community of nations, Noah attained the status of a messenger of peace and tranquility.
80. This is not confined to Noah alone. We bestow such honour and position on all those who lead their lives according to Our Laws. This in fact, is the result of their own deeds.
81. Listen once again. Noah remained safe and in peace because he had implicit faith in the truthfulness of Our Laws;
82 . And his opponents drowned because they belied him and never believed in anything he said. (Otherwise, had they believed him when he was making the ark in front of them, they could have easily realised that some calamity was due to come and that some means would be needed to protect themselves from it. On the contrary they ridiculed him and made fun of everything he said.)
83. Among those who followed his ways was Abraham.
84. Keeping himself away from the influence of his surroundings and family members, he turned to his Rabb with a receptive heart; a heart that would bow down before the right and the truth without hesitation.
85. (Ignoring all kinds of opposition) Quite candidly he asked his father and the nation, what is their reality of all the deities and the celestial bodies which you worship (including your king whose subjugation you have adopted)?
86. “These objects which you take as your gods are fake; and you are bowing before them, leaving aside real God (Allah).
87. “What an erroneous and poor image you have formed about Him, Who actually is the Rabb and the sustainer of the universe.”
88. That nation also used to worship the stars. Abraham thought about the reality of the stars and explained his people the reasons why they should not consider these objects worthy of worship.
89. Then he said, "How can I consider them as my god? I am indeed disgusted with your attitude.” (6:78; 60:4.)
90. The people could not give any reply to Abraham’s arguments. However they were unwilling to leave their deities and therefore they turned their backs on him and went away.
91. In order to expose their wrong convictions he adopted another way. In the presence of those people, he asked their deities, "There are so many eatables lying before you, why don't you eat them?”
92. “And they are imploring and asking you to fulfill their requests. What is wrong with you that you do not speak?"
93. Then once when he found an opportunity, he came down upon the idols with a heavy hand and broke them (21:60).
94. Whey they saw this they rushed towards him in rage.
95. Without being upset or awed by their anger, he remained calm and composed and quietly told them, " Just think about it. How very irrational it is that you worship these idols which you carve with your own hands!
96. “On the contrary, the real God is the one who has not only created you, but also all the stones out of which you have carved you idols."
97. As they had no answer to his arguments, they planned to finish him once and for all with some mean tactics. (They consulted each other and decided that the only way to get rid of this mischief would be to build a structure and throw him in the fire blowing in it; but not to do so openly, rather to do it discretely.)
98. In short, they did want to proceed with this plan against him; but We frustrated their designs and thus humiliated them.
99. So he migrated from that place saying, "Verily I am going elsewhere towards my Rabb. He will certainly guide me to a society which would be agreeable to the establishment of the Divine System". (The migration of every Nabi is for the sole achievement of this purpose. This is what is meant when a Nabi says “I am going towards my Rabb” ~ 29:26.)
100. (Thus Abraham migrated from there to Syria, where his mission was a great success. However he was issueless. Therefore) He prayed, "O my Rabb! Grant me a progeny that would be worthy of human respect.”
101. So We gave him the glad tidings of a son who (besides other qualities) would be patient and full of energy.
102. When the son grew up he was able to render help to his father. One day the father told him, "O my son. I saw in my dream that I am slaughtering you. Think about it seriously and let me know your views."
The son told the father, "O my father. You should carry out every directive of the Almighty. If you think it is His directive and command, then go ahead and slaughter me. You will find me steadfast, because if Allah Almighty commands so, there should be no hesitation.”
103. (Abraham taking the dream to be Almighty's command, prepared to slaughter the son.) Both the father and the son (considering the dream to be God’s command) submitted; and Abraham laid his son down, prostrate, in his temple.
104-105. We immediately removed this thought from Abraham’s mind and called out to him, O Abraham. You considered your dream as Allah's command and laid your son for the purpose of slaughtering him! This was not Our command, but merely a dream of yours. Therefore We have saved you and your son from this. We have done so because We keep those who lead their lives according to Divine guidance safe from such mishaps.
106. This indeed was a clear and distinctive reward which was given to Abraham.
107. As far as the son is concerned, We saved him for a far greater and tremendous sacrifice. (This great sacrifice refers to the fact that instead of keeping his leadership confined to Syria, We wanted him to become the custodian of Our House Kaaba, which was located in the far off barren land of Arabia and which had to become the center and gathering place of all those the world over, who believed in the unity of God ~ 14:37.)
108. The sacrifice which Abraham wanted to give would have remained confined to his son (Ishmail); but the ‘sacrifice’ for which We saved him (that is the custodianship of the Kaaba) would continue for posterity (even after Ishmail).
109. In this way Abraham continued receiving blessings and salutations ever after.
110. This is because he led his life in a balanced and righteous manner, in conformity with Our Laws. And whoever leads his life in this manner will get the same results.
111. He certainly was one of Our subjects who firmly believed in the truthfulness of Our Laws.
112. And We had also given him the good news of (his second son) Isaac, a Nabi who was amongst the Saliheen.
113. So We showered Our blessings on Abraham and Isaac and from amongst their descendants (progeny of his sons), there were some who led righteous lives while others went astray, committing open aggression on themselves.
114. And amongst the Bani-Israil, We showered Our favours and blessings on Moses and Aaron (and bestowed Nabuwwat on them);
115. And saved them and their nation from an awesome calamity (of bondage).
116. We helped them so that they eventually overpowered Pharaoh's people;
117. And We gave both of them (Moses and Aaron,) a Divine Book which distinguished between right and wrong,
118. It guided them towards the straight and balanced way of life;
119. And made their life-story worthy of remembrance, for the coming generations.
120. Peace and blessings be upon Moses and Aaron.
121. Like this We bestow Our favours and blessings upon all those who lead their lives in a balanced and righteous manner.
122. Certainly both of them were Our Momin subjects.
123. Elias was also one of Our Rusul.
124. He asked his people, "Don't you want to be saved from the destructive results of leading an erroneous life?
125. “You are worshipping Baal (a deity), and forsaking that God who is the best of the creators.
126. “The God Who not only is your Rabb, but is also the Rabb of your forefathers.”
127. (Thus he invited his nation towards the right path.) But they belied him and as a result of their erroneous way of life, were chastised;
128. Except those who parted from them and followed Elias’s call.
129. We made this historic episode of Elias to serve as an admonition and a source of guidance for the future generations,
130. He was also a messenger of peace and tranquility.
131. This is the way We reward those who lead their lives in a balanced and righteous manner.
132. He was indeed amongst Our subjects who firmly believed in the truthfulness of Our Laws.
133. Similarly, Lot was also one of Our Rusul,
134. We saved him and all his followers from a great suffering (in which his nation was going to be involved).
135-136. The rest of the nation was destroyed, including his wife who was among those who stayed behind and did not go with Lot.
137-138. You pass by the remnants of their dwellings every morning and by night. Don't you ever think about it and realise the outcome of those who revolt against the Divine Laws?
139. Jonah too was one of Our Rusul.
140. (It was an error of judgement on his part that he panicked because of the stiff resistance from his people and decided to leave before receiving Divine guidance to migrate.) He dropped his assignment and left from there. He embarked on a fully laden boat along with others, to cross the river (21:87).
141. (This was not a deliberate rebellion on his part. However) This step was against Our Laws. It was in this way that a mistake occurred.
142. The boat was overloaded and so it sank. A big fish seized Jonah in its mouth. Realizing the situation Jonah cursed himself (as he saw this as a punishment for leaving his mission without Allah’s permission).
143-144. He struggled hard and after a lot of effort, got himself retrieved from the grip of the fish.
If he had not done so and had he not been a good swimmer, the fish would have swallowed him; and it would not have been possible for him to come out till doomsday. (In other words he would have never come out).
145. So We cast him ashore, in an open space (68:49). However he had become very weak due to strenuous struggle and fear.
146. He then took some rest under the shade of a tree with big leaves, whereafter he felt somewhat better.
147. Thereafter We sent him again to his nation which (was a big nation that) numbered over a hundred thousand people.
148. These people believed in the truthfulness of Our Laws and therefore for a determined period, We provided them with the means of nourishment. (These people would have ultimately believed our Laws; but Jonah was in a hurry and left them in sheer desperation. God usually commands migration only when there is absolutely no chance of a nation reforming. Leaving them before that time amounts to abandoning the mission; and this was Jonah's strategic mistake.)
149. After clearly explaining the eventual fate of these earlier nations, (O Rasool! Ask your own nation whether they too want to follow such superstitions, like their ancestors did? Whether they too want to believe that these deities are God’s daughters? This belief is actually based on ignorance. Furthermore consider their contention that when talking of God’s progeny, they are referring to daughters, while they themselves prefer sons; so much so that if they hear that their newborn is a daughter, they turn black and blue in shame and anger ~ 16:58).
150. As regards their belief that We created angels as females, ask them if they were present at the time of their creation?
151. They just do not know anything. They concoct such beliefs on their own and these eventually become their faith.
152. Can there be a bigger lie than the assertion that Allah too has children?
153. And that He has preferred daughters rather than sons?
154. How absurd these beliefs are! Ask them what is amiss with them, that they pronounce such judgments?
155. Don't they reflect, even after such clear and convincing evidence?
156. Or do they have any authority or proof for such frivolous convictions?
157. And if they do have such proof, ask them to bring and show that book wherein this is written. Prove your assertions if you think you are right!
158. These these people also establish a kinship between Him and all those invisible heavenly forces. (Sometimes they consider lightning from the sky as a deity and God’s wife; sometimes they consider clouds as a deity and attach it to God; and sometimes they consider angels as His daughters.) However, all these forces know for certain that they are arraigned before Him for carrying out His command and that they remain bound within His laws.
159. Anyway, Allah the Almighty is far above the superstitions which these people ascribe to Him;
160. And sincere and devoted subjects of God do not have such absurd and senseless beliefs.
161-162. So, O those who oppose! Neither you nor your deities can mislead these sincere subjects from God’s way.
163. Only the one who wants to take himself to Jahannum will go astray.
164. Our devoted subjects have a firm conviction that their place is determined in proportion to their deeds; all as is defined and determined by the Quran.
165. They also pronounce, "We have made up our minds to remain ever ready for the establishment of the Divine Order;
166. “And we will continue carrying out this assignment throughout our lives, doing our utmost for it."
167-169. These opponents used to say, " If only a book had been sent down to us, like the earlier people, we too would have been amongst the devoted people of the Almighty."
170. However when that book was revealed they refused to acknowledge it. Thus very soon they will face the consequences.
171-172. Long ago We had decided and this is Our Law; that Our messengers who convey Our message to the people will certainly get Our support;
173. And that those who defend Our Deen and are ready to sacrifice their lives, will ultimately be victorious over their opponents.
174. So, O Rasool! Just ignore them for the timebeing (and continue educating and organizing your own jamat);
175. And keep a watchful eye over your opponents (to see what they are doing). They will soon see the result of their opposition.
176. These people wish that Our chastisement be hastened.
177. In actual fact they do not realize the sort of chastisement it would be; but when it descends in their courtyards it will really be a terrible morning for those who have been previously warned.
178-179. So for the timebeing, just ignore them and keep a vigil on the movements of your opponents. They will soon see the result of their opposition.
180. On that day they will realise that your Rabb, Who wields absolute power and authority, is far above anything they ascribe to Him.
181. And all those messengers who convey His message to others shall remain safe and in peace;
182. And the entire world will witness that the system ordained by the Almighty Allah which ensures the development of the entire universe ~ is worthy of all the praise and Hamd.