(O Rasool)! Tell them: I have been informed through Wahi that a group of people from an unfamiliar wandering tribe secretly listened to the Quran and then said, “Verily we have heard something wondrous.” (46:29)
The gist of whatever we have heard is that it provides guidance to the right path. We have thus professed Eiman on it; and henceforth we will not ascribe any partner to Our Rabb.
Our Rabb is sublime and exalted. He has neiher a wife nor a son. (Such beliefs of ours were based on whims, which we now denounce.)
Such ignorant beliefs were in fact concocted by some foolish people amongst us and were then attributed to Allah the Almighty.
We (simple people) used to believe that human beings, whether living in urban areas or away in the desert, would dare not attribute anything false to Allah the Almighty.
In fact what happened was that people from urban areas, came to live with us and taught us such foolish beliefs. (Thus superstitions became part of our culture and with the passage of time, kept on increasing.)
(They used to tell us that) Your belief that no Rasool would ever come to this part of the world (Arabia) was correct. They also believed the same. (Accordingly, under these circumstances only our soothsayers can be our religious leaders. Whatever they say would be taken as true.)
(Influenced by such beliefs we used to think that our priests, astrologers and soothsayers, through their astrology or clairvoyance) They find out the secrets of the heavens. However (since the Quran has come before us, we are convinced that it is beyond human ability to find out these secrets and) we now know that the heavens are being guarded by mighty watchmen holding whips of shooting flames in their hands (15:17-18).
Earlier we believed that while sitting in (hidden but) well established stations, we can listen to heavenly talk. But now, whoever tries to listen is confronted with the shining flames (of intellect and knowledge). The era of soothsayers is thus over for the Quran has changed our views. (37:6-9; 67:5)
We cannot say with certainty what the outcome of the Quranic revolution shall be. Will the people who oppose it perish; or will they attain a life of bliss and bounty by following the right course?
We are saying this because neither do all people have the same mentality, nor do they follow the same path. Some of us are noble and others are different. As different people take to divergent courses, their reactions too would vary. (There is therefore the possibility of a tussle which can result in bloodshed.)
(We now realize that Allah’s sovereignty is so powerful that) We can neither defeat Him in our country, nor can we escape to a place outside His jurisdiction. His Law of Mukafat operates everywhere.
This was the reason why, as soon as we heard the (Quranic) guidance, we believed in its truthfulness. We are sure that the one who believes in His Rabb, should neither be afraid of losing any of his rights, nor of any injustice or humiliation. He will be fully rewarded for his deeds and live a life of dignity and honour.
Therefore, some of us have already surrendered to these Laws; but there are some who are still on the path of injustice. Those who have submitted, strive with determination for the attainment of guidance.
And those who turn away and take the path of injustice and Zulm, are fuel for Jahannum.
(This was what the returning dwellers of the desert had told their people.) Thereafter (O Rasool! Tell your people) if you remain firmly on the right path, Allah will bestow on you a life of abundant bounties and blessings!
This is a visible standard that makes the people who adopt the right course distinct from the ones who deny their Rabb’s Law of Rabubiyyat and who in turn face very grievous chastisement (20:124).
(Tell them in explicit terms that the true basis of Deen is that) You should obey only the Divine Laws. One should bow only before the Divine Laws and no one else’s law should be associated with Allah’s (nor should obedience to any one else be accepted ~ 9:17).
(This should have been their position. However, not only did they not bow before Allah the Almighty’s Laws, but) When His subject (Rasoolullah) rose up with His message, these people rushed at him like opposing forces, as if they were ready to crush him (22:72)
Tell them, "My only crime is that I obey the Divine; Laws and invite you to also do the same and to not associate anyone with His Decisions and Laws."
(Human beings follow that which they think will be of benefit to them. However here the situation is different. Accordingly) Tell them that "I too have no power or authority to cause you any harm or to benefit you (as all this takes place according to Divine Laws).”
Also tell them, "(Keeping aside causing harm to someone or doing good) No power in the world can save me or give me any protection (if I violate His Laws), and I cannot find any place of refuge except in His Laws.”
(Thus I do not proclaim that I wield any authority or power.) My duty is only to convey to you the Divine Laws which have been revealed to me. (Thereafter it is up to you to accept them or not. But remember one thing) For the one who opposes the Divine System (that His Rasool establishes according to Allah’s Laws), there shall be the fire of Jahannum, where he will abide forever.
(At present the opponents proudly feel that they are stronger and greater in number, and that in comparison the Momineen are fewer and weaker) But when the aforementioned destruction comes, the reality of whose supporters are weak and lesser in number would dawn on them.
(Then they ask you about when they would face the chastisement.) Tell them, "I do not know if the great punishment that has been promised to you shall come soon or whether my Rabb has set a long time for it (so that it will take place later).
Only He knows the future; and He does not divulge His secrets to anyone else; (except that)
Through Wahi, He tells the person who is chosen as His Rasool, only what He wants (to tell). He appoints guards to safeguard it from the front and behind. (This Wahi is now preserved in the Quran; and its protection has been undertaken by Allah Himself ~ 15:9.)
These guards have been appointed to ensure that the Rusul have delivered the Divine message safely. (The Rasool’s responsibility is thus finished. Now it is up to the people to either obey or ignore the Divine Law and the results of their actions shall be accounted accordingly.) His Law of Mukafat encompasses everything that people do. And He takes count of everything (for nothing is beyond or outside the ambit of this Law of Mukafat).
(This is how even the Bedouin Arabs of the desert understood the Quran and lived according to it.)